Hatshepsut of Ancient Egypt
Hatshepsut was the fifth pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty in Ancient Egypt. She was one of the country’s most successful pharaohs and certainly the longest-reigning indigenous woman in Egyptian’s history.
Queen Hatshepsut was not the first woman in Egypt to rule over the people; Queen Sobekneferu preceded her, as did Merneith of the first dynasty. Other notable names of female pharaohs that are still being studied today include Nimaethap, Nefertiti, Neferneferuaten, and Twosret. (You must also consider non-indigenous Egyptian dynasties, such as pharaoh Cleopatra).
However, it should be noted that Hatshepsut's reign was a long and prosperous one. Though she saw warfare early on, eventually her reign ushered in an era of extended piece. She also re-established trading relationships and increased the wealth of Egypt, allowing the country to introduce a higher caliber of Egyptian architecture, the likes of which remained incomparable worldwide for hundreds of years.
The Queen Hatshepsut Temple is still standing and is one of the most popular attractions in Egypt today. It is located in Deir el-Bahri, which is a complex of mortuary temples and tombs found on the west bank of the Nile River just across from Luxor.
The Djeser-Djeseru, which means “the Holy of Holies", holds the Queen Hatshepsut Temple. A woman named Senemut created this impressive structure. Senemut was the queen’s royal steward and architect of the temple, and according to some theorists Hatshepsut’s lover. The temple was made for Hatshepsut’s post-death worship as well as for the glory of Amun, the Egyptian God. Djeser-Djeseru is built atop a series of colonnaded terraces accessible by long ramps. It is universally considered one of ancient Egypt’s most “incomparable of monuments”, standing 97 feet tall.
Of course, in today’s time the structure is a giant artifact of what was once a beautiful, extravagantly colored temple with numerous ornaments and gardens. These have worn away through time, though the architecture of the temple remains standing even after thousands of years.
Safety at the Temple of Hatshepsut
In case you’re wondering, it is safe to visit the Queen Hatshepsut Temple thanks to the “Tourist and Antiquities Police,” which are a group of attendants who monitor tourism for the safety of tourists and to ensure that nobody removes pieces from the site.
The Queen Hatshepsut Temple is a great landmark to visit on any Egypt tour, as she was one of the most famous of female rulers (often called the first “great woman”) and the construction of her dedicated temple remains of Egypt’s greatest wonders.