Djosers Step Pyramid – The First Pyramid And One Of Egypt’s Most Famous Tombs

Built during the 27th century BC, Djosers Step Pyramid stands in the Saqqara necropolis which is located in Memphis, the capital of the Old Kingdom.

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Whether you are searching for a nice relaxing break, or whether you want to experience a journey through the ages, Egypt is undeniably a prime destination. Regardless of why you want to visit Egypt, you’ll almost certainly want to see the pyramids during your stay, especially if it’s going to be your first ever holiday in this ancient land.


While the Great Pyramids of Giza are without question the most famous Egyptian pyramids, they are not the only ones to attract an almost endless number or tourists to the country. Djosers Step Pyramid, found in the Saqqara necropolis in Memphis is just one example. What makes “step” pyramids so interesting, is the fact that they predate the smooth sided pyramids for which Egypt is so famous.

The Step Pyramid At The Heart Of The Saqqara Necropolis

The Djosers Step-Pyramid is believed to be the first pyramid ever designed and subsequently constructed under the supervision of an architect called Imhotep. It was built and completed during the Third Dynasty in the Saqqara necropolis which is located on the plateau above the Nile Valley. Today, the pyramid is the main attraction of this ancient mortuary complex which sits within a single giant courtyard.


By comparison to other pyramids of a similar age, Djosers Step Pyramid was elaborately decorated with stone, as well as with more traditional materials, including wood and reeds. Many historians believe that the stone may have been added either to enhance its artistic appeal, or to mark a new technological breakthrough.


One of the interesting features of this fascinating pyramid is that it has a total of fifteen doors, with only one of them being an actual entrance. Quite a few of our Egyptian package tours include a visit to Djosers Step Pyramid, but if your preferred package doesn’t, then we also offer several one day pyramid tours, including our incredibly popular Saqqara, Memphis and Dashur one day tour.


Up until recently, Djosers Step Pyramid was believed to have been the oldest stone structure, but recent evidence tends to suggest that Gisr el-Mudir, also located in Saqqara is older, possibly dating back to the Second Dynasty. 


Another striking aspect of the pyramid lies deep with its walls. Venturing deep into this ancient pyramid, one comes across a finely crafted and decorated room. It is believed that only the most skilled artisans and artists where employed to create and decorate this inner chamber. The chamber is deep within the dark recesses of the ancient tomb, which clearly suggests that artistry was not intended to be for the admiration of the living, but rather for use in the afterlife.


Looking Below Djosers Step Pyramid

Djosers Step Pyramid doesn’t only occupy space above ground, but instead, it sits above an extensive labyrinth of chambers and tunnels that cover an area of approximately 6 kilometers before connecting to a central shaft, 28 meters deep and 7 meters wide. These underground passage ways were designed to mimic the interior decoration of the Pharoah’s palace. On the east side of the there are an additional 11 shafts, each measuring 32 meters deep. Some scholars have speculated that these were added for the royal harem, but this theory has so far never been proved.


In the storerooms which are abundant in this part of the tomb, more than 40,000 stoneware vessels were discovered which would have served to satisfy the Pharaoh’s needs in the afterlife. Interestingly, most of these are considerably older than Pharaoh Djoser.


The Burial Chamber

The burial chamber consists of four courses, with each one having been constructed with well-dress granite. The chamber’s only entrance was sealed with a 3.5 ton slab of rock, but at some point in time, the chamber was opened and subsequently robbed. In fact, researchers believe that the chamber was originally lined with alabaster, and that the existing granite was only added at a later time after looting had already occurred. Not surprisingly, the remains of the Pharaoh have never been found.

Djosers Step Pyramid As It Stands Today

While this is by far the most imposing structure in the area, it is not one of the best preserved pyramids. Apart from damage caused by natural erosion, the pyramid has also sustained damage as a result of a powerful earthquake which struck in 1992, causing a large section of the burial chamber roof to collapse. Fortunately, archeologists are doing everything in their power to preserve this wonderful pyramid in order to prevent any further damage


Are you longing to explore Egypt, land of the Pharaohs and the cradle of human civilization? Nobody is better equipped than we are to make sure your Egyptian dream holiday becomes a real life adventure that will leave you with memories you’ll cherish forever. We’ve been in this business for nearly 60 years already, and we’ll be around for the next 60 years as well because we know what our customers want. 


You can book your dream Egypt vacation right now, or contact our customer support team and they’ll be there to take care of your needs every step of the way.